Advice | David Santoso
Good security begins with keeping your software updated. Select Windows Update from Settings, and check that all the latest patches and bug fixes have been applied to the operating system. Click Advanced options and adjust active hours to make sure Windows isn’t going to restart and apply updates in the middle of your working day.
Go to Sign-in options in the Settings pane to see the various ways you can log into the computer. If Facial recognition (using your webcam) or Fingerprint recognition (using a fingerprint sensor) are available, these are more secure than a password, and most modern laptop computers would support them.
From the same Sign-in options screen, select the option to make sure logging in is always required and Dynamic lock option is enabled. This will tell Windows to lock your device when you move away from it (as indicated by the location of a connected smartphone).
Go to Privacy & Security and then Windows Security from Settings, to make sure the security software that comes with Windows is enabled. Any security issues that require your attention will be marked with a yellow exclamation mark.
Click Open Windows Security from the same Windows Security screen, to get to the built-in Windows 11 security center. Typically, the features here would be running automatically in the background, including scans for dangerous malware, however, you can also run a scan manually by clicking on Virus & Threat Protection and choosing Quick Scan.
Check any hardware issues with your Windows 11 computer on the Device security page after you’ve opened the Windows Security tool. Any immediate steps to further secure the operating system and the data will be listed here.
There are two settings you can enable to make you stay safe while you’re online. Go to App & Browser Control from the Windows Security utility and enable: Reputation-based protection (which means Windows 11 is always on the lookout for malicious applications) and Exploit protection (which helps mitigate the impact of remote hacking attempts).
Review and decide which permissions applications are allowed to make use of in Windows 11. Go to the Privacy & Security page from the main Settings screen, then scroll down to review the permissions. Click on any permission, such as Location, Camera, or Microphone, to view and manage which programs currently have access to it. Always disable them by default unless you absolutely need them.
Choose Find my device from Privacy & security under Settings, then enable the option for location to be periodically recorded. This enables you to find out from another computer where your Windows 11 computer has gone—very handy if you’ve left it behind and can’t remember where it is.
Enable device encryption from the Privacy & Security under Settings. This will make it more difficult for someone else to read the information from your hard drive when it is stolen.